Fame: Adelbert von Chamisso
Name: Louis Charles Adélaïde de
Chamisso de Boncourt
Born: 30 January 1781, in Château de
Boncourt, Champagne, France; Died: 21 August 1838, in Berlin, Prussia.
German naturalist and poet, chiefly remembered for his 1814 story
"Peter Schlemihls wundersame Geschichte" (The Strange
Story of Peter Schlemihl, a story about a man who sold his shadow
to the devil). Chamisso served in the court of William II of Prussia,
and was eventually appointed as keeper of the Royal Botanical Gardens.
Schumann put Chamisso's poetic Frauenliebe und Leben (1830) to music.
His contributions to zoology came as a result of his position as
naturalist aboard the Russian expedition to California and Alaska
aboard the Rurick (1815-1818, commanded by Lieut. Otto von
Kotzebue). He described such well known jellyfish taxa as Aurelia
labiata (Scyphozoa) and Liriope tetraphylla (Hydrozoa),
along with the California Poppy Eschscholzia californica,
named for J.F. Eschscholtz, the expedition's surgeon and entomologist.
Among his other achievements are the discovery of "alternation
of generations" in pelagic tunicates, and an island and a wilderness
area named after him in northwestern Alaska. He was also a playwrite,
a linguist, and served in the army. His grave in Germany is marked
with a statue of him.
Honorific taxa (zoological):
Eurhamphaea chamissonis (Eschscholtz, 1829)
Honorific taxa (botanical):
Camissonia Link 1818
Montia chamissoi (Ledeb. ex Spreng.) Greene
1825 (familiarly known as toad-lily)
Stachys chamissonis (hedge-nettle, coastal
Ambrosia chamissonis (silver burweed, West
Arnica chamissonis (leafy arnica, in western
Chamisso, A. and C. G. Eysenhardt (1821). De animalibus
quibusdam e classe Vermium Linneana, in circumnavigatione terrae, auspicante
Comite N. Romanzoff duce Ottone de Kotzebue, annis 1815-1818 per acta,
observatis ... Nova Acta Acad. Caesar. Leop. Carol. 10(2): 345-374,
Etymology of Marine Organism Names (BEMON)
Schuchert's Hydrozoan Researcher Biographies -- Chamisso
favorite Chamisso biography
influence on Hans Christian Andersen
This page www.medusozoa.com/chamisso.html
was last modified:
Copyright Lisa-ann Gershwin 2002.